Global Road Safety Facts

  • 1.24 million people are killed on the world's roads each year. Yet road crashes are preventable.
  • 90% of these road traffic fatalities occur in low and middle income countries.
  • The economic cost to these countries is estimated at least $100 billion a year.
  • Road crashes kill more people than malaria (2.2% against 1.7% of total deaths worldwide, according to WHO Report 2008).
  • It is already the number one cause of death for young people  aged 15-29 worldwide.
  • 500 children die every day on the world's roads and at least a further 500 are injured. 
  • Road crashes cause 78.2 million injuries a year making them a leading cause of disability. 
  • Only 15% of countries have laws for all 5 key elements: speeding, drink driving, helmets, child restraints, seat belts. 
  • Cities with high levels of air pollution have a 15-20% higher mortality rate. 
  • 70-90% of harmful pollutants causing deaths are from gasoline powered cars.
  • 84% of iRAP surveyed roads in developing countries have no pedestrian footpath.
  • Annual deaths are forecast to rise to 1.9 million by 2020 (WHO)
  • Post-crash care is a critical element of road safety. If a crash can’t be prevented, reducing the severity of injuries through early emergency and medical intervention is vital. But many countries lack crash extrication training or equipment. 

With the right action, up to 5 million lives could be saved and 50 million injuries prevented during the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020.

Road deaths in Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Baltics and the Balkans are three times higher than in Western Europe, despite having smaller vehicle fleets. To see just a few of the ways in which EASST and its partners are addresssing the issues above please use the following links: 

Increasing Seat Belt Usage and Enforcement: Georgia and Russia
Focus on Child Restraints: Azerbaijan 
Improving Post Crash Reponse: FIRE AID Moldova and Ukraine
Addressing Fuel Economy and Air Pollution: Georgia
Child Safety: MoldovaTajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Belarus
Decade of Action: Kyrgyzstan
Road Safety Education: Georgia 
Occupational Road Safety: Cranfield University

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Page updated: 15th December 2014

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